Background And Introduction Of COVID-19
The first case of COVID-19 was reported in the Wuhan city of China on 19th of december. It quickly spread to all continents. In individuals who develop a clinical disease in response to SARS-CoV-2, the respiratory system is most often affected. However, the virus can affect any organ of the body. In seriously ill people, several organs are often affected. The virus binds to the angiotensin-transient enzyme 2 (APF2) receptors present in the endothelial cells of blood vessels, lungs, heart, brain, kidneys, intestines, liver, phalanx and other tissues. This can directly injure these organs. In addition, systemic disorders caused by the virus lead to malfunctions of the organs. During the treatment of the patient, it is important to assess the presence of damage to several organs. Vascular clotting disorders and endothelium are common, but may not lead to symptoms in the early stages. They contribute to the damage to many organs. Cardiac and renal dysfunction is common among deceased patients. Injury to the organs may become apparent long after the acute infection has subsided. Different organs may be affected at different times.
Effect Of Covid-19 On Different Organs Of Body
As with other coronavirus diseases, including SARS, MERS and common colds, COVID-19 is a respiratory disease, so the lungs are usually affected first. But in serious cases, the rest of the body may suffer. This organ damage is not always directly caused by infection, but can be the result of the body’s response to the infection.
Stomach and intestines:
Some people with COVID-19 reported nausea or diarrhea, although these symptoms are much less common than lung problems. Although it seems that it is easier for coronaviruses to penetrate the body through the lungs, the intestines are not inaccessible to these viruses.
Heart and blood vessels:
COVID-19 can also affect the heart and blood vessels. This can manifest itself as an irregular heart rate, an insufficient amount of blood entering the tissues, or blood pressure so low that it requires medication. However, it is not yet clear whether the virus directly damages the heart.
Liver and kidneys:
When liver cells are inflamed or damaged, they can impregnate more than a normal amount of enzymes into the bloodstream. Elevated liver enzymes are not always a sign of a serious problem. However, doctors say it is unclear whether the virus or the drugs used to treat humans were harmed. Some people hospitalized with COVID-19 also had acute kidney damage, which sometimes required a kidney transplant.
The body’s immune system responds to any infection by attacking an alien virus or bacteria. Although this immune response can save the body from infection, it can also sometimes cause side damage in the body. This can occur in the form of an intense inflammatory reaction, sometimes called a “cytokine storm”. This is because immune cells produce cytokines to fight infection, but if released too much, it can cause problems in the body. “Most of [damage to the body during COVID-19] is due to what we would call sepsis syndrome, which is associated with complex immune responses.
Symptoms Of Covid-19
Common symptoms that shows in human body were
- Loss of Taste and Smell
Less common symptoms that shows in human body were
- sore throat
- aches and pains
- a rash on skin, or discolouration of fingers or toes
- red or irritated eyes
When you really need medical attention
- Chest pain
- Trouble breathing
- pain or pressure on the chest
- New confusion
- Inability to wake or stay awake
- Pale, gray, or blue-colored skin, lips, depending on skin tone
Preventions to stop the covid-19:
- Wear a mask that covers your nose and mouth.
- Stay 6 feet apart from others.
- Get a COVID-19 vaccine when it is available to you.
- Avoid crowds and crowded areas.
- Wash your hands often with soap and water. Use hand sanitizer if soap and water aren’t available.
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